In 1884, W. B. Grove, Honorary Librarian of the Birmingham Natural History and Microscopical Society, wrote these golden words on Pilobolus, a small dung-inhabiting fungus. Why the name was later appropriated by a famed dance group is shrouded in mystery
Addendum 1: Bora Zivkovic, better known online as 'Coturnix,' has had a splendid piece about Pilolobus on his science blog: A Blog Around the Clock Stunning pictures and an amazing story about the clock in this humble fungus. (blog no longer active as of 2023)
Addendum 2: We neglected to suggest two reasons why you should visit the Cornell Mushroom Blog (enter "Pilobolus" in the search field) in connection with Pilobolus. First, you will find there the amazing story of a hitchhiking lungworm of cattle that takes advantage of the propelling action of the fungus for dispersal. Worms in the soil climb up the stalk of Pilobolus fruiting bodies and go along for the ride when the spore cap is shot off. Second, there is a stunning movie of the Piloboli doing their thing.
And a bit farther on...